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Mwezi Wodzikuza Wowopsa: 'Dracula' & the Undndeniable Queerness of Bram Stoker

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Bram stoker dracula

Pali nthawi zina mu Mwezi Wonyada ku iHorror pomwe ndikudziwa kuti anthu andinyalanyaza. Ndiye pamakhala nthawi zina pamene ndimatsitsa zipsinjo ndikukonzekera kubwerera kumbuyo. Ndikulemba mutu wankhaniyi za Dracula-Modzi mwa mabuku omwe ndimawakonda nthawi zonse -, tinene kuti masomphenya a Kurt Russell ndi a Billy Baldwin akuvina m'mutu mwanga.

Chifukwa chake, nazi ...

Pafupifupi zaka 125 kuchokera Dracula idasindikizidwa koyamba, taphunzira zambiri za ife eni komanso za munthu yemwe analemba mwina buku lodziwika bwino kwambiri la vampire nthawi zonse, ndipo chowonadi ndichakuti, Bram Stoker anali munthu yemwe adakhala moyo wake wonse wachikulire ali wokonda amuna ena .

Onetsani A: Walt Whitman

Ali ndi zaka makumi awiri mphambu zinayi, Stoker wachichepere analemba yomwe itha kukhala imodzi mwamakalata okonda kwambiri omwe ndidawawerengera wolemba ndakatulo waku America Walt Whitman. Zinayamba motere:

Ngati ndinu mamuna amene ndimakutengani kukhala inu mukufuna mupeze kalatayo. Ngati simukutero sindikusamala kaya mumakonda kapena ayi ndipo ndikungopempha kuti muchiyike pamoto osawerenga patali. Koma ndikukhulupirira kuti mudzazikonda. Sindikuganiza kuti pali munthu wamoyo, ngakhale inu amene muli pamwamba pa tsankho la gulu la amuna anzeru zazing'ono, omwe sangakonde kulandira kalata yochokera kwa wachinyamata, mlendo, padziko lonse lapansi - munthu kukhala m'malo osalabadira zomwe mumayimba komanso momwe mumayimbira.

Stoker amapitilizabe kulankhula za chikhumbo chake cholankhula ndi Whitman monga momwe olemba ndakatulo amachitira, akumamutcha kuti "mbuye," ndikunena kuti amasilira ndikuwoneka ngati akuwopa ufulu womwe wolemba wachikulire amakhala nawo. Ndipo pomaliza akumaliza motere:

Ndi chinthu chokoma bwanji kwa mwamuna wathanzi wathanzi ndi diso la mkazi ndipo mwana akufuna kumva kuti atha kuyankhula ndi bambo yemwe atha kukhala ngati akufuna bambo, ndi mchimwene ndi mkazi kumoyo wake. Sindikuganiza kuti mungaseke, Walt Whitman, kapena kundinyoza, koma pazochitika zonse ndikukuthokozani chifukwa cha chikondi ndi chifundo chomwe mwandipatsa mofanana ndi mtundu wanga.

Palibe kulumpha kuganiza kuti Stoker amatanthauzanji ndi "mtundu wanga." Ngakhale apo, komabe, sakanatha kubweretsa kunena mawuwo, kuvina mozungulira iwo.

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Mutha kuwerenga makalata athunthu ndikukambirana zambiri mwa KUFUNSA PANO. Whitman adayankhadi mnyamatayo, ndikuyamba kulemberana makalata komwe kumatha zaka zambiri mulimonse. Wa Stoker, adauza mnzake Horace Traubel:

Iye anali wachinyamata wa sassy. Ndikufuna kuwotcha kalatayo kapena ayi — sizinachitike mwa ine kuti ndichite kalikonse: kodi ndi chiyani chomwe ndinkasamala nacho kaya chinali choyenera kapena chosafunikira? anali watsopano, wowuma, waku Ireland: ndiwo mtengo wolipiridwa wolandila-ndipo ndikwanira: alandilidwa!

Zaka zingapo pambuyo pake, Stoker anali ndi mwayi wokumana ndi fano lake kangapo. Za Whitman, adalemba kuti:

Ndidampeza zonse zomwe ndimalota, kapena kumufunira: wamalingaliro akulu, wowoneka bwino, wololera mpaka kumapeto; chifundo chamunthu; kumvetsetsa ndikumvetsetsa komwe kumawonekera kuposa anthu.

Onetsani B: Sir Henry Irving

Lowetsani mphamvu yachiwiri pamoyo wa Stoker.

Mu 1878, Stoker adalembedwa ntchito ngati kampani komanso woyang'anira bizinesi ku Lyceum Theatre yomwe ili ndi anthu aku Ireland - ndipo ena anganene kuti wosewera wotchuka kwambiri padziko lonse, Sir Henry Irving. Munthu wolimba mtima, wokulirapo kuposa wamoyo yemwe amafuna chidwi cha iwo omuzungulira, sinali nthawi konse asanatenge malo okwezeka m'moyo wa Stoker. Adabweretsa Stoker pagulu la London, ndikumuyika pamsonkhano woti akumane ndi olemba anzawo ngati Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

Ngakhale pali zosatsimikizika zakomwe wolemba pamapeto pake adalimbikitsidwa ndi mbiri ya Dracula-Vlad Tepes kapena nthano ya vampire yaku Ireland Abhartach - pafupifupi onse amavomereza kuti wolemba adatengera kufotokoza kwa munthuyo pa Irving komanso za munthu wina zambiri… zamphamvu… zikhalidwe.

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M'chaka cha 2002 cha The American Historical Review chotchedwa "" Buffalo Bill Amakumana ndi Dracula: William F. Cody, Bram Stoker, ndi Frontiers of Racial Decay, " wolemba mbiri Louis Warren analemba:

Malingaliro ambiri a Stoker a Irving amafanana kwambiri ndi momwe amaperekera zowerengera zabodza zomwe anthu amasiku ano adanenapo za kufanana. … Koma Bram Stoker adalowanso mkati mwa mantha komanso chidani chomwe abwana ake adamuuzira, ndikuwapanga kukhala maziko a nthano zake zokometsera.

Mu 1906, chaka chotsatira atamwalira Irving, Stoker adalemba zolemba ziwiri za mwamunayo wotchedwa Zikumbukiro Za Henry Irving.

Ndikofunikira kudziwa kuti, ngakhale adagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi zisudzo kwa zaka 27, adangoyamba kulemba zolemba Dracula cha m'ma 1890 kapena apo. Ndipo akhoza kukhala munthu wachitatu, yemwe pamapeto pake akuwoneka kuti adalimbikitsa wolemba kuti alembe pepala kuti ayambe nthanoyi.

Onetsani C: Oscar Wilde

Chosangalatsa ndichakuti, chaka chomwecho Stoker adayamba kugwira ntchito ku Irving ku Lyceum Theatre, adakwatiranso Florence Balcombe, wokongola kwambiri komanso mzimayi yemwe adalumikizana naye kale Oscar Wilde.

Stoker ankamudziwa Wilde kuyambira ali ku yunivesite, ndipo analangizanso mnzake waku Ireland kuti akhale membala wa Philosophical Society. Kunena zowona, amuna awiriwa anali ndiubwenzi wapamtima, wapakatikati, ndipo mwina koposa, mwina kwazaka makumi awiri, ndipo mpata pakati pawo udayamba kukula kokha pambuyo Wilde anamangidwa pansi pa Malamulo a Sodomy a tsikulo.

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M'nkhani yake "" Chilakolako Chakuthengo Chinanditenga ": Mbiri Yokondana Kwamakedzana ya Dracula," Talia Schaffer anali ndi izi:

Kuchotsa mosamala dzina la Stoker pazolemba zake zonse (komanso zosasindikizidwa) kumapangitsa owerenga kuganiza kuti Stoker samadziwa kuti Wilde alipo. Palibe chomwe chingakhale kutali ndi chowonadi… Zovuta za Stoker zitha kuwerengedwa popanda zovuta zambiri; Amagwiritsa ntchito nambala yodziwikiratu yomwe mwina idapangidwa kuti iswe. M'malemba omukhudza za Wilde, Stoker adadzaza mipata pomwe dzina la Wilde liyenera kupezeka ndi mawu monga "kuchepa," "kusadziletsa," "kuzindikira," ndi kutanthauzira kumangidwa kwa apolisi ndi olemba. Dracula ikufufuza mantha ndi nkhawa za Stoker ngati wamwamuna yemwe amakhala yekha pa nthawi yoweruza a Oscar Wilde.-Schaffer, Talia. "" Chilakolako Cham'tchire Chinanditenga ": Mbiri Yokondana Kwambiri ya Dracula." ALH 61, ayi. 2 (1994): 381-425. Inapezeka pa June 9, 2021.

M'malo mwake, anali mwezi umodzi kuchokera pamene Wilde adamangidwa pomwe Stoker adayamba kulemba Dracula. Ubalewu umakhala wosangalatsa kwa akatswiri ambiri omwe afufuza mbiri ya olemba awiriwa ndi zomwe adalemba.

Kumbali imodzi, muli ndi Wilde, yemwe analemba buku lonena za munthu wosakhoza kufa yemwe amakhala moyo wake poyera, zotsatira zake zimakhala zoyipa, ndipo adatenga nawo gawo pazokonda zilizonse zomwe akanatha. Anali tambala-woyenda modabwitsa kwambiri yemwe adamuyang'ana ndi kumuwumbatira.

Mbali inayi, muli ndi Stoker, yemwenso analemba buku lonena za munthu wosakhoza kufa. Komabe, kusafa kwa Stoker kunakakamizidwa kukhalako usiku, wobisala mumithunzi, tiziromboti tomwe timadyetsa ena ndipo pomaliza pake "anaphedwa moyenera" chifukwa cha izo.

Sizitengera kulumpha kwenikweni kuganiza kuti zolengedwa ziwirizi zikuyimira kudekha kwa olemba awo. Wilde adamangidwa, kumangidwa, ndipo pamapeto pake adasamutsidwa chifukwa chazakugonana. Stoker anali muukwati wolimba - ngati anali oyera - omwe akanapitiliza kunena kuti "ma sodomites" akuyenera kuthamangitsidwa kuchokera kugombe la Great Britain mofanana ndi andale ambiri masiku ano omwe amatukwana gulu la LBGTQ +, kuti angogwidwa ndi anzawo thalauza pansi pomwe akuganiza kuti palibe amene akuyang'ana.

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Ndikulimbikitsanso kuzindikira kuti onse Wilde ndi Stoker amwalira chifukwa cha zovuta za chindoko, matenda opatsirana pogonana ku Victorian London omwe mwanjira ina amamva ngati akuyang'ana ubale wawo wina ndi mzake, koma si pano kapena apo.

M'buku lake, China chake M'magazi: Nkhani Ya Untold ya Bram Stoker, Mwamuna Yemwe Adalemba Dracula, David J. Skal akunena kuti mawonekedwe a Wilde amatha kupezeka masamba onse a Dracula, mofanana ndi mawonekedwe a kudekha kwa Wilde atapachikidwa pa moyo wa Stoker. Wilde anali mthunzi wa Stoker. Iye anali doppelganger wake yemwe analimba mtima kuchita zomwe mwamunayo sangathe kapena sangachite.

Dracula wa Bram Stoker

Dracula Choyamba Edition Bram Stoker

Kulimbana mkati mwa Stoker kuli patsamba lililonse la Dracula. Kuyesera kwake kuyanjanitsa chilakolako ndi kudziwika ndi malingaliro osatsimikizika ndipo inde, nthawi zina kudzinyadira komwe kumayikidwa ndikumuphunzitsidwa ndi gulu lomwe limapangitsa kuti kudandaula kukhale kosaloledwa kumayikidwa m'ndime iliyonse.

Wina sayenera kupatsa buku kuti liwerengedwe mwachangu kuti athe kulipeza. Pali nthawi zingapo munkhani yonse momwe kudekha, zina, ndi zodumpha zimachokera patsamba.

Ganizirani za dera la vampire pa Harker pamene Akwatibwi amamuyandikira. Amaphimba munthu ndi thupi lake lomwe, nkumati ndi iye. Kapenanso ubale wamphamvu komanso wogonjera pakati pa Dracula ndi Renfield womwe umawapangitsa kupenga ndi chidwi chofuna kutumikira?

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Kudya kwa vampiric, kutulutsa magazi amoyo kudzera mwa kuluma kumalowetsa malo olowerera zachiwerewere kotero kuti ngakhale m'mafilimu oyambirira a bukuli, owongolera ndi olemba adalangizidwa kuti Count amatha kuluma azimayi kuti achotse chilichonse lingaliro la kugonana amuna kapena akazi okhaokha.

M'malo mwake, munthawi ya Hays Code, njira yokhayo yomwe akanatha kuchokamo kuphatikiza chilichonse chamtunduwu chinali chifukwa chakuti Dracula anali woipa kwambiri ndipo amayenera kufa. Ngakhale apo sizimatha kulembedweratu ndipo sizingafanizidwe.

Izi, zachidziwikire, zadzetsa mibadwo yonse ya omwe amaonera makanema omwe sanawerengepo zoyambirirazo ndipo mwina sanawonepo bata lachilengedwe la Dracula. Ndiwo anthu omwe amapezeka mgulu la ndemanga nkhani ngati izi zikafalitsidwa ndikudzudzula olembawo, ponena kuti tapanga izi, ndikuti tikungoyesera kukakamiza mitu ya LGBTQ + pomwe kulibe.

M'malo mwake, ndichifukwa chake sindinanene za makanema mpaka pano. Zokambiranazi ndizokhazikika m'buku loyambirira komanso mwa munthu amene adazipanga: munthu yemwe anali pafupifupi amuna kapena akazi okhaokha ndipo mwina anali achiwerewere, wolemba yemwe adalimbana ndi kudziwika komanso chikhumbo yemwe adapanga nkhani yomwe siifa monga mutu wake, ndi munthu yemwe kudzipereka kwake kwanthawi yonse kwa amuna ena m'moyo wake kwawululidwa mzaka makumi atatu zapitazi.

Chidule Chomaliza

Pali mosakayikira anthu omwe adasiya kuwerenga nkhaniyi pambuyo pa gawo limodzi kapena awiri oyamba - ena sanapangepo kupitirira mutuwo. Kwa iwo omwe apirira, choyamba ndimathokoza. Chachiwiri ndikukupemphani kuti muganizire zomwe mumachita musanayankhe.

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Ganizani musanafuule kuti, "Ndani amasamala?" Zachidziwikire, mwina simusamala. Zachidziwikire, izi sizingatanthauze kanthu kwa inu konse. Kulimba mtima kwanu kuganiza kuti izi zikutanthauza kuti chidziwitsochi sichingathandize aliyense padziko lapansi, komanso.

Kukhala gawo la anthu oponderezedwa nthawi zambiri kumatanthauza kuti mbiri yathu imawonongedwa kapena kukanidwa kwa ife. Anthu opanda mbiri yakale samawoneka ngati anthu konse. Timayang'aniridwa ndi kusadziwa kwathu za ife eni, ndipo iwo omwe sali m'deralo amatha kunamizira kuti ndife opatuka kwatsopano m'chilengedwe chomwe chidabadwa m'ma 1970.

Chifukwa chake, sizingatanthauze kanthu kwa inu, koma zimatanthauza kanthu kena kwa anthu amtundu wa LGBTQ + omwe nawonso amanjenjemera mafani kudziwa kuti imodzi mwamawu odziwika bwino kwambiri olembedwa nthawi zonse adalembedwa ndi munthu yemwe adagawana nawo zovuta zathu ndikulimbana ndi umunthu wake momwe ambiri a ife tiriri.

Izi ndizoyenera mu 2021, ndipo uku ndiye kuyankhulana kwa Mwezi Wonyada Wopitilirabe.

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Mwezi Wonyada Wowopsa: David R. Slayton, Wolemba 'White Trash Warlock'

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David R. Slayton

Miyezi ingapo yapitayo, ndinali kufunafuna buku latsopano la audio loti ndikukumbamo. Chiyambireninso kugwira ntchito yochoka kunyumba kwanu, mabuku omvera andithandiza kupulumuka paulendo watsiku ndi tsiku. Ndinkafuna china chake chophatikiza mitundu komanso chopatsa chikondi changa chowopsa, zongopeka, komanso zachiwerewere. Pamene ndinafufuza masauzande a mitu Yomveka, ndinapeza buku lotchedwa White Trash Warlock ndi David R. Slayton. Bukuli limakhudzanso Adam Binder, mfiti yogonana amuna kapena akazi okhaokha ku Oklahoma yemwe amakumana ndi gulu lalikulu lomwe likuukira Denver ndikupangitsa anthu misala.

Gayme. Khalani. Kufanana. Ndinalowa kwambiri!

Pofika kumapeto kwa bukhulo, ndinali nditasowa zambiri. Mwamwayi kwa ine, buku lachiwiri mu trilogy, Trailer Park Trickster, linalipo kale, ndipo ngakhale kuti linathera pa amayi a cliffhangers onse, ndinadziwa kuti panali buku linanso, Deadbeat Druid panjira.

Panthawiyi, ndinapanga cholinga changa chofufuza wolembayo kuti ndimudziwitse zomwe mabuku ake amatanthauza kwa gay, wokonda zoopsa, wokonda zachikondi - komanso wolemba mnzanga - m'tawuni yaing'ono ku East Texas. Ndidayandamanso nthawi yomweyo kuti ndimufunse za Horror Pride Month chaka chino, ndipo ndidakondwera pomwe adavomera.

Pamene tinakhazikika kuti ticheze, ndinamuuzanso mmene ndinayamikirira mabukuwo, koma ndinafunikiranso kumfunsa kuti, “Kodi Adam Binder munakumana kuti ndipo liti?

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Nkhaniyi sinandikhumudwitse.

Zomwe zidachitika, Slayton adayesa kulemba zongopeka zomwe, kuchokera pazomwe ndakumana nazo, ndikukuwuzani kuti ndi ntchito yovuta. Komabe, monga momwe zinakhalira, iyenso anali wokonda zongopeka zamatauni ndipo wakhala akupanga nkhani yokhudza dokotala, mkazi wake, ndi mwana wawo ku Denver, mzinda womwe wolembayo amatcha kwawo.

“Chotero ndinali ndi chiwembu chonsechi, koma chimene ndinalibe chinali munthu wamkulu,” wolembayo anafotokoza motero. "Ndidaziyika kumbuyo kwa ubongo wanga ndikuyiwala zonse, ndipo usiku wina ndimadutsa a Carolinas. Mwezi unali wodzaza. Zinali zitalendewera panjira. Mitengo inali kulendewera mumsewu. Ndipo nyimbo ya Kaleo ija ya Way Down we Go idabwera pawailesi. Munthu ameneyu anatulukira m’mutu mwanga, ndipo ndinangoyamba kumufunsa mafunso. Ndinati, 'Ndinu ndani?' ndipo iye anati, ‘Chabwino, ine ndiri monga iwe. Ndimachokera ku Guthrie. Ndinakulira m'nkhalango.' Ndidayamba kuganiza kuti nditha kuphatikiza izi ndi malingaliro azongopeka akutawuni koma chiwembu chakumatauni chikadayang'anabe kwambiri ku Denver. Adamu anati, ‘Chabwino, ine ndikhoza kupita ku Denver.’”

Ndipo ndi zomwe adachita…amachita…mukudziwa zomwe ndikutanthauza.

Ngakhale kuti zinthuzo zimakhala zosangalatsa ndipo nthawi zina zimakhala zomvetsa chisoni kwambiri, nkhani ya Adam Binder, mfiti yomwe ili ndi mphamvu zochepa mu dongosolo lalikulu la zinthu, ndipo banja lake lodziwika bwino limachokera ku zenizeni. Chowonadi chimenecho, zenizeni zake zonse, zidachokera ku zomwe Slayton adakumana nazo. Anafika mpaka potchula mayi ake a Adamu dzina la agogo ake omwe.

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"Dzina lake anali Tilla-Mae Wolfgang Slayton ndipo anali chilichonse chomwe dzinalo limatanthawuza," akutero.

Ponena za zongopeka, iye akuti, anali wosamala komwe adakokerako zikoka zake polemba mabukuwa.

Iye anati: “Wina amene anandifunsa posachedwapa ananena kuti sankamvetsa chifukwa chake sindinkagwiritsa ntchito nthano ndi nthano za ku America. "Chinthu chake ndi chakuti, mukamakamba za nthano za ku America mukunena za nthano za Native American. Ndine mzungu kwambiri. Sindikufuna kuvomereza zimenezo. Chifukwa chake ndimayang'ana mozungulira kuti ndi nthano zotani komanso zomwe ndingatenge kuchokera ku cholowa changa komanso ndingachite chiyani kuti nditenge chinthu chodziwika bwino komanso chodziwika bwino ndikuchiyika pamutu pake. ”

Ndipo adapanga ma Elves omwe amadzikhulupirira kuti ndi amakono koma amayenda ndi kuvala ndikulankhula ngati atuluka mu kanema wanoir kuyambira m'ma 1940s. Kenako, adabweretsa ma Leprechaun omwe sanagwiritsidwe ntchito kawirikawiri, kuwapatsa chidwi chamunthu kuchokera. Peaky Blinders. Sindidzakufotokozerani za gnomes kwa inu. Muyenera kudziwerengera nokha. Kusakaniza ndi kusakaniza, kukankhira ndi kukoka, zomwe tikudziwa ndi zomwe tikuyembekezera ndizomwe zimapangitsa kuti owerenga azikhala ndi zala zawo komanso kuti zimabweretsa chisangalalo chachikulu kwa wolemba.

Monga Kunyada, tidayenera kukambirana kuti bukhuli lili ndi protagonist ya gay. Aliyense amene wathera nthawi yochuluka mu gawo la ndemanga pomwe chilichonse chodziwika bwino chimatchulidwa kutali amadziwa zomwe ambiri aife timakumana nazo tikamayamba kulemba za ife eni, kudziyika tokha m'nkhaniyo. A homophobes amachokera ku matabwa akukankhira milandu yokakamiza ndondomeko ndi kudzuka pamene zonse zomwe timafuna ndikuwerenga nkhani kumene tili.

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Kwa Slayton, panalibe funso lokhudza kugonana kwa Adamu kuyambira pachiyambi. Sizinali ndandanda. Anali yemwe iye anali.

Iye anati: “Ndi yofunika kwambiri kwa ine. “Zambiri zondilimbikitsa pazomwe ndimalemba zimabwera chifukwa chowona kusiyana pamsika. Ndinakulira ku Guthrie kunkhalango. Ndinalibe mwayi wopeza zambiri. Mayi anga anali opembedza kwambiri kotero kuti zomwe ndinaloledwa kuwerenga zinali zochepa kwambiri. Zomwe ndimapeza muzongopeka, nthawi zonse pakakhala munthu wa LGBTQ, mwina analibe komweko kapena adamwalira momvetsa chisoni. Panali analogi ya Edzi kapena kutuluka kunali chinthu. Ndimakonda kuwona zambiri zoyimira zikufalikira komanso kuyimira bwino makamaka. Ndicho chifukwa chake ndinayamba kulemba White Trash Warlock. Sindikuwona mfiti yosweka, yachiwerewere ku Oklahoma patsamba. Kotero, ine ndinaganiza, ine ndilemba izo. Popeza ndi zongopeka za m'tawuni, tsankho ndi nkhani zokhudzana ndi kugonana kwa Adamu zilipo, koma sindinkafuna kuti zikhale zofunika kwambiri m'nkhaniyi. Olemba bwino kuposa ine adalemba zonsezo kotero sindikufuna kuwerenga. ”

Njirayi ikugwira ntchito kwa Slayton. Mabuku ake akopa chidwi cha owerenga padziko lonse lapansi. Kusakanizika kwake komwe kumayambitsa zoopsa ndi zongopeka kumakhala kosangalatsa komanso kokakamiza. Kwa ine, zimandipatsa chisangalalo chofanana ndi nthawi yoyamba yomwe ndimawerenga Gaiman, Pratchett, ndipo mpaka Barker.

Izi zimatifikitsa ife ku bukhu lomaliza mu trilogy ya Slayton. Ndi Deadbeat Druid m’chizimezime, zikanakhala zachiwembu kusafunsa kuti aone zimene zikubwera.

“Pamapeto pa Trailer Park Trickster, Adam amatumizidwa kwambiri pa Odyssey," adatero. “M’malo mogwiritsa ntchito zilumba, ndikugwiritsa ntchito matauni enieni. Ena a iwo amangokhala ndi zinthu zaupandu zozizira, zowopsa zomwe zimalumikizidwa ndi iwo; ena a iwo amangokhala ndi zochitika zosangalatsa zogwirizana nazo. Ndasangalala kwambiri kufufuza mbiri ya malo amenewa. Mu Deadbeat Druid, mupezaponso pang’ono.”

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Inde, koma nanga bwanji Adam Binder ndi achigololo ake koma kwambiri "zonse ndi zakuda ndi zoyera" zotheka chibwenzi, Vic, amene mosadziwa anapanga Grim Reaper?!

"Ndimasewera D&D yambiri kotero ndikuganiza motere," adatero Slayton. "Adamu ndi wabwino, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti nthawi zonse amachita zoyenera, ngakhale zili zosemphana ndi malamulo. Vic ndi wabwino wovomerezeka, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti adzachita zoyenera nthawi zonse koma ziyenera kutsatira malamulo. Pakutha kwa buku lachitatu, onse adachitapo kanthu kwa wina ndi mnzake komanso osalowerera ndale. Sikuti zonse ndi zakuda ndi zoyera ndipo si malamulo onse omwe ali oipa.

Kuti mudziwe zambiri za David Slayton, pitani kwake tsamba lovomerezeka ndikuyang'ana mabuku ake pa intaneti komanso m'malo ogulitsa mabuku!

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'Ikagwa Mvula': Mark Allan Gunnells Amalowa mu Eco-Horror ndi Paranoia

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Ikagwa Mvula

Pali china chake chodetsa nkhawa komanso chodziwika bwino kwambiri Wolemba Mark Allan Gunnells novella watsopano, Ikagwa Mvula. Mwina ikungokhalira mliri kwa zaka zingapo zapitazi. Mwina ndiye vuto lenileni la nyengo lomwe likubwera. Mulimonse momwe zingakhalire, wolembayo amadula mochenjera ndi nkhani yomwe ikuwoneka ngati ikanachotsedwa m'nkhani zakomweko.

Patsiku looneka ngati labwinobwino, ladzuwa, mvula yodabwitsa imayamba kugwa. Izo, pazokha, sizodabwitsa. Chodabwitsa ndichakuti sikumamva ngati mvula nkomwe. Ndiwowonda, wozungulira, wamafuta. Zimapezekanso kuti zikuphimba dziko lonse lapansi. M'malo mongoyang'ana kwambiri zomwe dziko likuchita, wolembayo akutiyika mu kampus yaing'ono, yapamwamba ya yunivesite kumene ophunzira ndi anthu ammudzi amabisala ku mphepo yamkuntho mkati mwa malo ogulitsa mabuku / cafe.

Pamene chisokonezo chikukulirakulira pa zomwe mkuntho ungakhale, gulu laling'ono likutembenukirana wina ndi mzake, ndikuthamangitsa omwe adagwidwa ndi mvula.

Ndizosangalatsa kuti a Gunnells akhazikitsa nkhaniyi nthawi ina mtsogolo mopitilira zomwe takumana nazo pa mliri. Iye moyenerera anakumbutsa otchulidwa ake za m’mbuyo ndi mmene zinthu zinasamaliridwa. Ndizodabwitsanso kuti kutaya mawu oti "kudzipatula" kumapangitsa kuti owerenga azikhala ndi chidwi ndi mawondo.

Wolembayo amatengeranso chidziwitso chake cha encyclopedic cha mafilimu owopsa, makanema apa TV, ndi mabuku kuti atsindike malingaliro amunthu wake. Zolozera ku The Mist, Choyimira, ndipo ngakhale zachikale Twilight Zone Nkhani yakuti “Zinyama Ziyenera Kuchitika Pamsewu wa Maple” zimatikumbutsa kuti lingaliroli silachilendo, koma sizipangitsa kuti likhale lowopsa. Kaya ndi gulu la anthu oyandikana nawo pamsewu kapena okonda zachipembedzo m'sitolo, chibadwa cha anthu nthawi zambiri chimakhala chilombo choopsa kwambiri kuposa zonse.

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Koma mwina chowonadi champhamvu kwambiri, chovuta kwambiri Patsani Mvula n'chakuti anthu ali ndi chizoloŵezi chodabwitsa cha kukhala olondola ndi olakwa panthawi imodzi. Kumenyera kwathu kopanda pake kapena kuyankha pakuwuluka kungathe ndipo nthawi zambiri kumatitsogolera kunjira yachiwonongeko. Kodi ndichifukwa chakuti tili kutali kwambiri moti sitingathe kuzindikira magwero a ngozi yeniyeni yotizinga? Kapena chifukwa chakuti tachita dzanzi ku zoopsa zimenezo mwakuti amangoona ngati chinthu chamoyo?

Sindikudziwa kuti ndili ndi yankho la funso limenelo. Ngakhalenso wolembayo, koma akuwoneka kuti akufunsa winawake…aliyense…kuti atidziwitse.

Ikagwa Mvula imakhala ndi anthu ochititsa chidwi, koma zachisoni palibe yomwe ili yodzaza kwambiri monga momwe akanakhalira. Sindinachitire mwina koma kudabwa ngati izi sizinali chifukwa chofuna kufupikitsa nkhani kapena ngati chidali chiwembu chokha. Tangopatsidwa mbiri yokwanira ya osewera mu sewero lowopsali kuti awonekere nkhope ku mayina, mwina kutipatsa chithunzi chofananira chomwe gulu la alendo ambiri limakumana nalo.

Kupatulapo apa ndi Vincent, mwamuna wa Tony yemwe amagwira ntchito kusitolo yosungiramo mabuku kusukulu. Iye ndi wodekha kuposa munthu wina aliyense m'bukuli, ndipo pamapeto pake amakhala kampasi yathu yamakhalidwe abwino.

Komabe, zonse, Ikagwa Mvula ndi nkhani yosangalatsa, yowerenga mwachangu, yabwino masana amvula…kapena mwina mudikire mpaka kunja kunja kutache. Mulimonse momwe zingakhalire, muli pachisangalalo chenicheni.

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Mutha kutenga mtundu wa Ikagwa Mvula by KUFUNSA PANO. Bukuli likupezekanso pa Kindle Unlimited!

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Zowopsa za Anthu Zachuluka mu 'Cut to Care' yolembedwa ndi Aaron Dries

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Dulani Kusamalira

Nthawi zonse ndikakhala pansi kuti ndiwerenge buku Aaron Dries, ndimayesetsa kuti ndikonzekere mwanzeru zomwe ndimachita ndikuganiza wolemba akhoza kundisungira. Izo sizinagwire ntchito konse. Osati kamodzi. Osati ngakhale pang'ono. Dries ndi mlembi yemwe amazemba ndikayembekezera kuti azag. Amayang'ana pamwamba pa zoyipa / zowopsa zodziwikiratu, osazigwiritsa ntchito ngati zoseketsa, koma amangolowetsa owerenga m'mutu mumkhalidwe wosayembekezereka womwe ndi woyipa kwambiri. Iye ndi katswiri wofotokozera nkhani, ndi Dulani Kuti Musamale: Kutolere Zopweteka Zing'onozing'ono, mndandanda wake watsopano wa nkhani zazifupi ndizosiyana.

Mwanjira ina, ndi mutu wangwiro. Nkhani iliyonse imapangidwa mwaluso; nkhani iliyonse imadula mozama. Dries kawirikawiri samalemba nkhani zauzimu. Zowopsa zake zimachokera ndikukhala m'dziko lenileni. Novela yake Mitu Yonyansa ndizopadera, ndipo apa amaviika chala chake mwa apo ndi apo, nthawi zambiri amaphatikiza zosangalatsa zauzimu ndi kuzizira kwa thupi komwe kumakhala kokakamiza komanso kusokoneza nthawi imodzi.

Ngakhale sindimachita izi kawirikawiri ndi zosonkhanitsa, ndimaona kufunikira kuti ndifotokoze / kuwunikanso nkhani iliyonse ya wolemba pano. Zimamveka ngati njira yokhayo yochitira ntchitoyo mwachilungamo ndikukupatsani lingaliro la zomwe mungapeze mkati mwake.

Dulani Kusamalira zimayamba ndi Malingaliro a kampani Damage, Inc. Nkhani yofotokoza za mtsikana wina yemwe amagwira ntchito ngati chidole chachisoni. Kaylee amathera masiku ake atavala zovala ndi mawigi kuti azicheza ndi makasitomala omwe ataya kwambiri. Amakhala chinthu chachisoni chawo, amatsegula mabala awo ochiritsidwa kwambiri, ndikuwalola kunena zomwe sananene kuti atseke. Ntchitoyo imamugwetsa misozi. Wofuna chithandizo aliyense amatsegula zipsera zake, koma satha kudzipereka yekha zomwe amapereka mwachangu komanso motopetsa kwa ena.

Komabe, amakwanitsa kumamatira ku dongosolo la chithandizocho, titero kunena kwake, kufikira atakumana ndi banja lolemera lomwe lingamufune mopambanitsa. Dries amafika pamtima wachisoni, ndikumayika zoopsa zotayika m'njira yogwira komanso yowopsa, ndikusiya mathero osamveka bwino kuti afotokozere mutu wake. Zilonda zina sizimachira; zina siziyenera kutero. Zaka zingapo zowawa pambuyo povulazidwa koyamba monga chikumbutso ndi phunziro lomwe tapulumuka.

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“Kudula Kusamalira” ndi nkhani yomwe ingangoganiziridwa ngati fanizo lochititsa mantha, nkhani yosavuta yokhala ndi mfundo za choonadi pakati pake. Mnyamata akuthamangira m'mawa atakumana ndi bambo wachikulire akupempha chenji. Amapereka, ndikumwetulira pamene akuthamanga. Pangodya yotsatira, akukumana ndi mayi wina atakulungidwa m’bulangete wopanda malaya. Ngakhale kuti nyengo yozizira imakhala yozizira, amasiya zake. Ali ndi nyumba yoti apiteko. Pamapeto pake adzakhala ofunda ndipo pamakhala kuwala kwina komwe amamva podzipereka. Dries akuwoneka kuti akufunsa kuti "Kodi ndi bwino kudzimvera chisoni pothandiza ena? Kodi ndi liti pamene timadutsa malire kuchoka ku kudzikonda kupita ku chinthu chosafunika kwenikweni?” Yankho, ndithudi, likuzizira m'manja mwa wolemba amene amapanga mapeto adzuwa mwankhanza.

Ndizovuta kudziwa choti upange "Wopanga Tallow, Wopanga Tallow." Ikangoiwerenga koyamba, imadumphira pamasamba ngati nkhani yowopsa ya thupi lokwawa. Kuwerenga kachiwiri, komabe, kumakufikitsani mozama. Apanso, tikukumana ndi chisoni pamene mtsikana wina akuyesera kuti agwirizane ndi kupachika kwa abambo ake atapezeka kuti anapha amuna atatu. Pano, komabe, amagonja kwathunthu kuchisoni chimenecho, amalola kuti chisinthidwe nacho. Kwa ine, inali nkhani yachiwiri yotembenuza m'mimba m'gululi. Luso la mlembi lofotokozera likuwonetsedwa pano. Ngati muli ndi malamulo ofooka, nditha kungopereka malingaliro okonzekera kukwera koyipa kwambiri kwa moyo wanu.

Cut to Care imabwera ndi mawu oyamba a Mick Garris!

“Nona Savina”… M’tsogolo muno pamene dziko ladzala ndi utsi wapoizoni, ndipo palibe amene wawonapo nyenyezi kwa zaka zambiri kuposa mmene iwo angaŵerengere, banja lirinjika zinthu zambiri kukachezera matriarch awo kunyumba yopumula kumene “akukhala.” Ndizo zonse zomwe ndingakuuzeni mwanzeru za nkhaniyi. Ndibwino kuti mudziwe zomwe zimachitika nokha. Dries adakhala zaka zambiri akugwira ntchito m'nyumba zosungira anthu okalamba, ndipo izi zikuwoneka kuti zikutengera zoopsa zenizeni, zomvetsa chisoni za ukalamba ndi okalamba.

Ndili mwana, agogo anga aamuna adakhala m'nyumba yosungirako okalamba, ndikukhulupirira, zaka zisanu ndi zitatu. Chaka choyamba chitatha, sanakumbukire chilichonse. Ndikayang’ana m’mbuyo, ndimazindikira mmene maulendo athu a mlungu ndi mlungu ku malo osungira okalamba anali osangalatsa. Tinkakhala pafupi ndi bedi lake, ndipo nthaŵi zambiri timalankhula za iye m’malo molankhula naye ngati kuti kukambirana mosangalala pamaso pake sikunagwirizane ndi mmene zinthu zinalili pa moyo wake. Dzina lokumbukiridwa, kuvomereza kukhalapo kwathu kunali mtengo umene ife mwadyera tinayembekezera kuti iye alipire. Ndinali mwana yemwe anali ndi nkhawa zosazindikirika komanso kupsinjika maganizo. Sindingayembekezere kudziwa bwino lomwe, koma ndikayang'ana m'mbuyo, zokumbukira zimakhala zowawa. Nkhaniyi inafotokoza zonsezi, ikuchititsa manthawo ndi kudziimba mlandu.

“Mabaluni Aang’ono” imayang'ana kuthekera kwa ubwana, mapangidwe aumwini, ndi momwe angatayike mosavuta, nkhani yovuta yomwe imanenedwa mochititsa mantha pachimake. Ndizo zonse zomwe ine ndikufuna kunena za izo pakali pano.

Ndikufuna kulankhula za "Ovomerezedwa." Ndikufuna kufufuza zigawo zake m'njira yomwe imapatsa kulemera kwake koyenera. Sindikudziwa momwe ndingachitire popanda kuwononga chinthu chonsecho. Ingondidalirani, simudzakhumudwitsidwa.

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In “Takalamba Kwambiri Kuti Ndipeze Ice Cream,” mlembiyo amafufuza mozama mmene banja likuthawira komanso zimene zimachitikira ana m’nyumbamo. Kukula mofulumira kwambiri, kusenza mathayo kupyola msinkhu wawo, ndipo choipitsitsa kuposa zonse, kuphonya ufulu wa kungokhala ana, kusangalala ndi zosangalatsa zosavuta zomwe moyo umapereka chisanakhale cholemetsa chauchikulire chisanagwe pa mapewa awo. Ndizomvetsa chisoni, zachisoni, ndipo inde, zowopsa monga gehena.

"Chikondi Pakati pa Akangaude Ofiira." Chabwino, ife tiri pano. Nkhani yomwe inandisweka kwambiri moti ndinatumiza message kwa Dries nditawerenga kumudziwitsa kuti wandiphwanya. Kuvomerezedwa kwa gulu la anthu osowa pokhala, lonse, kwakhala bwino kwambiri kuposa kale, ngakhale kuti tidakali ndi njira yayitali yoti tipite. Nkhaniyi inachitika panthawi yomwe inali yoipa kwambiri. Ndipotu, moyo wa munthu ukasokonekera atatuluka, amachitapo kanthu pofuna “kudzipulumutsa” ku ukaidi wake kuti moyo wake upitedi ku gehena.

Nkhaniyi ndi yolemetsa chifukwa opanga malamulo ku US akuyesera kuti akhazikitse malamulo odziwikitsa mamembala a gulu la LBGTQ+ kukhala "osaloledwa" m'njira yosasinthika. Kuchotsa umunthu wathu ndi ufulu wathu sikungowonjezera kutipangitsa kukhala pachiwopsezo kwa ife eni ndi ena. Zowopsya pano zikukhala zolimba mu zenizeni zathu monga mbiri yakale yomwe ingabwereze mosavuta. Ndinachoka pa nkhaniyi yothyoledwa ndi matanthauzo ake ndipo ndatsimikiza kwambiri kuposa kale lonse kulemekeza iwo amene anabwera patsogolo pathu, kumenyana ndi kufa kuti atipezere ufulu umene tili nawo. Ndikungoyembekezera kuti nditha kudzaza nsapato zawo munthawi yanga mwanjira ina yomwe ingawapangitse kunyada.

Ndipo potsiriza, pali "Ngongole Yachithunzi." Nkhaniyi ikuwoneka ngati yophatikiza zonse zomwe zidabwera patsogolo pake m'gululi. Mantha onsewa ndi kukayikakayika zimalumikizana kukhala nthawi imodzi, pomwe zovuta za chisankho chimodzi zimatha kusintha moyo wonse. Nanette akukhala movutikira m'zaka zake zachinyamata. Mwamuna wake wadwala matenda ovutika maganizo ndipo amakhala m’nyumba yosungirako okalamba. Banja la mwana wake wamkazi likukula. Akuyembekezera mwachidwi mdzukulu wake woyamba. Kenako, tsiku lina, amauza mtsikana wina kuti asadziphe. Ndiwo kukoma mtima kwakukulu kopatsa moyo. Kapena kodi?

Dries akuwoneka kuti akuloza pa owerenga ake, kutifunsa zomwe tikanachita ndipo tikadakhala ndi mwayi, kodi tingachitenso? Zinthu zina, pamapeto pake, sizingabwezedwe. Zinthu zina, ngakhale zachifundo kwambiri, zimangotengera kwa ife. Ndipo tenga, tenga, tenga; Wolemba amatipatsa nkhani yolembedwa bwino, yowopsa, yomwe imakhala m'malo otuwa amoyo wathu.

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Zonse, monga zosonkhanitsira zabwino zilizonse, Dulani Kusamalira ndi ulendo wolowa ndi kutuluka m'malingaliro a wolemba. Dries amatsimikizira ndi ntchito kuti luso lake lofotokoza nkhani silimangotengera mawonekedwe aatali. Akhoza, ndipo apangitsa khungu lanu kukwawa ngakhale munkhani zazifupi. Ngati zowopsa zolembedwa bwino ndizomwe mukulakalaka, muyenera kuwerenga mndandanda wabwino kwambiriwu.

Yang'anani Dulani Kuti Musamale: Kutolere Zopweteka Zing'onozing'ono mwezi uno kulikonse komwe mungagule mabuku!

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